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中考英语冲刺:语法易错题汇总  

2015-12-17 20:24:23|  分类: 初中学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语冲刺:语法易错题汇总

 

 

英语语法一直是中国学生学习英语的难点。初中阶段的语法虽然简单,却是学习英语的基础,也是中考的必考点;人教学习网总结易错语法题并解析,希望能帮到大家

1.Each of the boys have a pen. (×)

Each of the boys has a pen. (√)

[析] 复数名词前有表个体的each of, one of, every,either of等词组修饰,或有表否定的neither of, none of 等词组修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式

2.例:那是你心软!我不就是一个例子吗?

Neither he nor you is good at English. (×)

Neither he nor you are good at English. (√)

[析] either… or…, neither… nor…, not only…, but also… 等词组连接句子的两个主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近一致原则”, 即由靠近谓语的那个主语决定谓语的人称和数用何种形式。

3.Ten minus three are seven. (×)

Ten minus three is seven. (√)

[析] 用英语表示加(plus)、减(minus)等数学运算时,谓语动词也用单数形式。

4. Here is your sweater, put away it.(×)

Here is your sweater, put it away. (√)

[析] put away, pick up, put on等“动词+副词”构成的词组后接代词作宾语时,代词只能放在动词和副词之间

5. Look! Here the bus comes.(×)

Look! Here comes the bus.(√)

[析] 在以here, there引起的陈述句中,若句子的主语是名词,要用倒装语序,即用“Here /There+动词+名词结构构;但主语若是代词时,则不用倒装语序, 即用“Here/There +代词+动词”结构

6.  Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (×)

Because he was ill yesterday, he didn’t go to work. (√)

He was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (√)

[析] 用though, but表示“虽然……,但是…… ”或用because, so 表示“因为……,所以……”时,though和but 及because和so 都只能择一而用,不能两者同时使用。

7. The Smiths have moved Beijing. (×)

The Smiths have moved to Beijing. (√)

[析] 不及物动词后接名词或代词作宾语时,要在动词之后加上适当的介词;但不及物动词后接home, here, there等副词作宾语时,动词之后不必加任何介词

8. The box is too heavy for him to carry it. (×)

The box is too heavy for him to carry. (√)

[析] the box既是这句话的主语, 也是不定式to carry的逻辑宾语,若句末再加上it,就和the box重复了

9. I do well in playing football, _______. (我妹妹也行。)A. so my sister does(×)B. so does my sister(√)

Li Lei is really a football fan. --- _______. (确实这样。) A. So is he(×)         B. So he is(√)

[析] “so+be动词/助动词+主语”的倒装结构表示前面所述情况也适用于后者,意为“……也是这样”;“so+主语+be动词/助动词”的陈述结构表示对前述情况的肯定,意为“……确实如此”。

10.重庆比中国的其他城市都大。

Chongqing is larger than any city in China. (×)

Chongqing is larger than any other city in China. (√)

[析] “any city in China”包括了重庆这座城市, 同一事物自己与自己不能做比较,只有在city 前加上other才能表示重庆和中国的其它城市比较大小

The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than Beijing. (×)

The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than that in Beijing . (√)

[析] 表示比较时,句子中的两个比较对象必须一致,不同的比较对象不能做比较。错误句的比较对象分别为the weather in Guangzhou和Beijing,这两个不同类的事物之间不能做比较。

11.The number of the workers in this factory are about 5,000. (×)

The number of the workers in this factory is about 5,000. (√)

[析] the number of表示“……的数量”,谓语动词用单数形式;a number of 的意思是“若干”或“许多”,相当于some或a lot of,和复数名词连用,谓语动词用复数形式。

12. Hello! I have important something to tell you. (×)

Hello! I have something important to tell you.   (√)

[析] 形容词或动词不定式修饰不定代词作定语时,修饰成分要置于不定代词之后。

13. His son is enough old to go to school. (×)

His son is old enough to go to school. (√)

[析] enough作形容词修饰名词时,可以放在名词前,也可放在名词后;作副词修饰形容词或副词时,只能放在形容词或副词之后.

14.His sister married with a teacher last summer.(×)

His sister married a teacher last summer. (√)

[析] 表达“A和B结婚”,要用A married/will marry  B。这时务必要避免受汉语影响使用A married/will marry with B。

15. There is going to have a film tonight. (×)

There is going to be a film tonight. (√)

[析] 一般将来时用在 There be 句式中时,be going to或will之后的动词原形只能用be,也就是说要用There is (are) going to be… / There will be

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引文来源:李逵
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